What is Psychological Safety?

The well known team-level psychological construct called “Psychological Safety” was identified by Harvard Professor Amy Edmundson in her famous 1999 article, “Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams.” The idea, revolutionary at the time, is that certain active measures by team members that are intended to create a climate of open and frank communications by all parties in a work team, greatly improves team outcomes.

A Corn Mural in the Corn Palace in Mitchell, South Dakota, USA

Click here to test your knowledge and help you develop the skills you need to build and nurture Psychological Safety on your team.


Edmondson, Amy. 1999. Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 350-383

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